Neolithic jades, which date from about to B. A white and russet jade carving of a duck. These objects are interesting from an archaeological perspective, because the ritual functions of many are unknown and no documentation exists. A spinach-green jade bowl carved with overlapping lotus leaves, the interior with a coiled dragon.
The Zhou Li , itself probably compiled in the Han Dynasty , ascribes the circular bi as representing the heavens, the cong as representing the earth, the gui the east, the zhang the south, the hu the west and the huang the north. The original names, value and functions of these objects have invited much speculation. You may also like Related content.
Song ceramic pillows — so much more than a cool aid As well as keeping the bed cool, ancient Chinese ceramic pillows made for auspicious gifts and warded off evil spirits. It also bequeathes good fortune to those who own it. The Zhou Li , itself probably compiled in the Han Dynasty , ascribes the circular bi as representing the heavens, the cong as representing the earth, the gui the east, the zhang the south, the hu the west and the huang the north. Many of these designs consist of composite or wholly imaginary animals.
A green and russet jade carving of a mythical beast. In the later dynasties, after about the thirteenth century, jade appears mainly in the form of refined vessels, ornaments, and rounded sculptures suited to scholarly taste, but it was also appreciated in the imperial courts. Qing tradition based on Qianlong styles characterize the jade collection of the Crow family. Just as some collectors will connect personally with a marriage bowl, others may be drawn to jades that illustrate scenes from famous texts or poems, or carvings of specific animals. Native sources in Henan and along the Yangtze were exploited since prehistoric times and have largely been exhausted; most Chinese jade today is extracted from the northwestern province of Xinjiang.